80 to 85% of Ethiopian population (labor force) is dependent on agriculture. Good crops are dependent on rainfall. Hence, when rain fails, people starve. Due to a constant moisture deficit, every year people face serious food shortages between the month of March to August. 10 to 15% of the population in Ethiopia depend on direct food aid on top of the Safety net program.
A changing climate has led rural communities to become destitute and helpless and lost their resilience to shocks. Historically, Ethiopia had two major growing seasons called belg and meher. The belg rain is expected to start at the end of February or beginning of March for belg crops such as maize (staple food), sorghum, haricot bean and root crops. But today the steady rains have disappeared.
The late summer rains for the meher crops have almost diosappered and have been replaced by a torrential flood which means when farmers need it they don’t get it, and when it rains, it washes away everything.